They appear in the cracks of your eyes and around your mouth. They sneak on top of your once-smooth hands and attack the tops of your feet. This is the way of the wrinkle, which has a knack of unforgivingly appearing “out of the blue.” It is this common sign of aging that is one of the most dreaded changes to take place throughout the maturity of the body, causing millions of people to find effective prevention methods and satisfying cures.
Today, the skin care industry makes billions of dollars enticing those wishing to do away with their wrinkles. Instead of buying into the many gimmicks and shady ingredients advertised on the market, why not consider some of the easy remedies geared towards treating wrinkles that are found in the home?
Table of Contents
- What is a Wrinkle?
- Understanding Skin Changes
- Causes of Wrinkles
- Risk Factors of Wrinkles
- Home Remedies for Wrinkles
- a) Change Sleeping Positions:
- b) Vitamin-Rich Foods and Water:
- c) Buy Sunglasses:
- d) Limit or Quit Your Vices:
- e) All-Vegetable Shortening :
- f) Avoid Excessive Washing and Scrubbing:
- g) Limit Midday Sun Exposure:
- h) Use Sunscreen:
- i) Limit Tanning:
- j) Extra Virgin Olive Oil:
- k) Metal Spoons:
- l) Humidifier:
- m) Fruit Remedies:
- n) Castor Oil:
- o) Preparation H:
What is a Wrinkle?
When the surface of the skin becomes dotted with ridges and creases, an individual is suffering from the development of wrinkles. Thanks to the aging process, wrinkles are also caused by a wealth of outside factors that tend to worsen or speed up the course of looking older. Premature wrinkles are commonly seen on people who spend a lot of time in the sun or smoke a lot of cigarettes. These types of lifestyle habits are known as the most common ways to speed up the aging process.
A wrinkle is mainly considered dynamic (a product of facial expressions) or static (present when the face is in motion or relaxed). Wrinkle folds are also a possibility, which develop as a result of sagging muscles located underneath the skin – typically present in the nose and mouth region.
Understanding Skin Changes
When a person ages, their skin undergoes a series of gradual changes. First, the cells divide at a slower rate and the inner layer of skin (called the dermis) becomes thinner. The fat cells located underneath the dermis start to shrink. Additionally, the skin’s capacity to self-repair begins to weaken with age, meaning wounds are not as quick to heal. In the end, thinning skin becomes a prime target for injury and damage.
The deeper layer of the skin is responsible for holding up the surface skin layers and over time will begin to loosen. The ability to stretch lessens, as the skin become less elastic. This change in the body becomes quite apparent when one presses their skin and it no longer pops back into its earlier position. Older skin is often characterized by a saggy appearance.
Next, the glands that secrete sweat and oil begin to waste away, meaning the skin loses this vital layer of protective fat and water. Skin becomes less moisturized, causing dry and scaly patches to form. Between the eyebrows, “frown lines” appear. Lines also form at the corners of the eyes (‘crow’s feet’) .
All of these additional changes in the skin are intensified by small muscle contractions. Characteristic lines about the face also come as a result to repeated facial expressions. On top of all this, gravity causes the outcome to appear worse, as droopy eyelids and jowls start to develop.
Causes of Wrinkles
While aging is one of the main factors that cause wrinkles to surface, there are many other factors that often combine with one another to cause premature damage to the skin. They include:
a) Facial Expressions:
Repeated facial expressions, such as squinting in the sun or frequent smiling can lead to the formation of fine lines and wrinkles. Each time a facial muscle is used, grooves develop underneath the surface of the skin. As the skin ages, lost flexibility causes the skin to lose the ability to spring back into place. This is how the grooves in the skin become permanent fixtures upon the face.
The normal aging process of the skin accelerates when a person smokes tobacco products. This is especially seen around the lips, as changes in the blood supply about this region are altered by the presence of chemicals contained in cigarettes and cigars. Additionally, the repeated presence of heat coming from lit tobacco products generates negative effects on the skin. Repeated facial expressions are also made while smoking that leads to the formation of wrinkles. Often, smokers will purse their lips and squint their eyes to avoid smoke– all of which contribute to an enhanced pattern of wrinkles.
c) Air Pollution:
Pollutants in the air can cause wrinkles to form on the skin. A common culprit is ozone, which is behind depleted amounts of vitamin E in the skin. With the loss of this vital antioxidant, increased levels of damage are allowed to take place.
d) Quick Weight Loss:
When an individual loses weight too fast, the volume of fat cells that once served as a cushion for the face decreases. Chemical reactions that take place in the skin will now affect its appearance, making a person look scrawny. Rapid weight loss may also cause the skin to look saggy.
e) Childhood Sun Exposure:
It is believed that about 50% to 80% of skin damage takes place during the childhood and adolescent years when intense exposure to the sun causes a higher incidence of sunburned skin.
The majority of people over the age of 70 are battling at least one skin disorder. Some are known to suffer a whopping three or four skin conditions at one time. While these changes in the skin (including wrinkles) increases with age, other factors such as family history and lifestyle choices throughout the years will have a deep impact.
Risk Factors of Wrinkles
While aging is inevitable and different people face varying levels of damage, it is the overexposure of the sun with harmful UV radiation that is most associated with premature wrinkling. Sunbathers and outdoor workers (construction workers, farmers, and lifeguards) are the most at risk. You don’t even have to be in the sun to place yourself at a higher risk for wrinkling. Those who frequent tanning salons or use tanning beds not only face more wrinkles, but also enter a higher-risk category for developing non-melanoma skin cancers. This risk increases if you are a fair-skinned woman under the age of 50.
Skin types also set people at a higher disadvantage for wrinkles because of the intensity at which damaging sun rays affect the texture of the skin. As a rule of thumb, those who always burn in the sun; rarely accomplish a tan; suffer a sensitivity to sun exposure; or burn easily after spending time in the sun are prime candidates for more wrinkles. Fairer skin is most affected by the sun, while darker skin tones with a higher concentration of pigmentation are least sensitive.
Smoking is another major risk factor pertaining to wrinkles, as heavy smokers are nearly five times as likely to suffer this unattractive facial blemish over nonsmokers. The type of clothing and headgear a person wears also affects a person’s susceptibility to developing wrinkles. Sleeveless shirts and swooping necklines cause sun to concentrate on the tops of shoulders and about the neck, causing these parts of the body to age faster. The rest of the arm and hands are also affected. Those who wear hats (especially a selection with a wide brim), usually suffer less premature wrinkles about the head, neck, and face.
Home Remedies for Wrinkles
Today, millions of dollars are spent on purchasing skin care products to reverse the signs of aging (namely the appearance of wrinkle). Choosing an effective wrinkle remedy is quite difficult when a wide-range of products and manufacturers aim to grab your attention, promising quick and efficient results. Some anti-aging products are known to irritate or dry out the skin. Before entering a hit-or-miss roller coaster ride of anti-wrinkle product selection, try considering some of the following home remedies geared towards combating this inevitable occurrence in life:
a) Change Sleeping Positions:
Many people create wrinkles on the face when they sleep on their side or stomach because of the increased contact with the pillow. In the worst cases, a diagonal crease located on the forehead that runs just above the eyebrows is a common result. Sleeping on your back helps eliminate this outcome.
b) Vitamin-Rich Foods and Water:
Taking a supplement that contains B-complex vitamins is a good way to promote healthier and more youthful-looking skin. You may also consume a diet rich in foods that contain this vitamin, such as eggs, whole-wheat products, chicken, and beef. The vitamins A, C, and E found in green leafy vegetables will also freshen up the skin. It is also suggested to consume at least 4 to 6 liters of water on a daily basis. This is one of the best ways to keep the skin hydrated and full of moisturize from within, which is great for tackling wrinkle formation.
c) Buy Sunglasses:
Buy a pair of sunglasses to prevent the formation of wrinkles around the eyes that come from squinting.
d) Limit or Quit Your Vices:
To prevent wrinkles developing around the lips, it is highly recommended to quit smoking, which replenishes the oxygen and blood circulation that the nasty habit takes away from the skin. Premature lines and wrinkles notoriously appear on the faces of heavy smokers. Kick the habit and you will also save your face from the wrinkles that come from repetitive facial movements.
Being an alcoholic also affects your risk for developing wrinkles. The more alcohol you drink, the greater amount of puffiness in the face, which temporarily stretches out the skin. When you undergo repeated sessions of skin stretching and the process of your face returning back to normal, wrinkles may form as a result.
e) All-Vegetable Shortening :
Vegetable shortenings (such as Crisco)actually provides many different helpful skin treatments. You may apply Crisco to the face to moisturize the skin, prevent acne scarring, speed healing, and keep skin looking fresh and wrinkle-free.
f) Avoid Excessive Washing and Scrubbing:
Some people think cleaning their face with harsh soaps, hot water, and heavy scrubbing is the best approach towards preventing acne and keeping the skin cleansed, but this practice actually washes away vital skin oils. Without this nourishment of the skin, dryness promotes wrinkle formation. It is best to wash the face using cool or lukewarm water with a mild soap or cleanser. Often, the Neutrogena product line provides an array of soothing and gentle products.
g) Limit Midday Sun Exposure:
Sun on the skin is worse between the hours of 10am and 4pm, meaning avoiding the time of day when the sun is at its best (or worse), you can lessen your chances of premature wrinkling. According to a dermatology professor at Mount Sinai School of Medicine in New York City, it is estimated that close to 95% of the sun’s wrinkle-causing rays are concentrated in the middle of the day.
h) Use Sunscreen:
Protect and moisturize the face by using sunscreen and avoiding reflective surfaces, such as water, sand, and concrete.
i) Limit Tanning:
It is suggested to limit the use of tanning beds, tanning salons, and sun lamps, which cause skin to wrinkle prematurely over time. Some believe just 15 to 30 minutes at a tanning salon is just as damaging to the skin as sitting out in the sun for longer periods of time.
j) Extra Virgin Olive Oil:
After thoroughly washing the face and patting it dry, use a cotton ball and 3% hydrogen peroxide to lightly rub the face. Once the solution dries, apply a very small amount of organic 100% extra virgin olive oil, making sure to cover the face and neck. Wrinkle prevention also comes when mixing one tablespoon of olive oil with ½ tablespoon of apple cider vinegar. Rub the mixture onto the skin to treat and prevent wrinkles.
k) Metal Spoons:
A metal spoon left in the freezer overnight acts as a decent home wrinkle remedy for the morning. When you first wake up to start a new day, grab your frozen spoon and apply the backs of the utensil to underneath the eye in order to reduce the wrinkles that form in this region.
If you heavily rely upon your air conditioning system during the summer and turn up the heat during the winter, this drying of the skin is known to increase the aging process. When using a humidifier, you can keep moisture in the air, which in turn keeps the skin moist.
m) Fruit Remedies:
Cut a green Thompson seedless grape in half and carefully crush it onto your face where wrinkles are present. Leave the juice on the skin for 20 minutes, rinsing off with warm water. Do not pat dry, but allow the face to air-dry. Additionally, you may rub the core of a pineapple onto the face, which is said to work wonders on fine wrinkles. The substance should be left on the skin for 10 to 15 minutes before rinsing off. The juice of green pineapples and apples applied to the face on a daily basis also make a good home remedy for fine wrinkles and cracked skin.
n) Castor Oil:
The regular application of castor oil on the face helps prevent and treat wrinkles.
o) Preparation H:
Just when you thought Preparation H only tackled nasty hemorrhoids – applying the ointment to the skin not only moisturizes, but also decreases puffiness and reduces fine wrinkles located around the eyes.
 Joey Green’s Amazing Kitchen Cures by Joey Green (pg. 329)