When a skin rash develops, the itchiness, redness, and dryness can be quite unbearable to deal with. Depending on the severity of your condition, rashes can also become an embarrassing condition that is not always easy to hide. Knowing the causes and home treatments associated with eczema allows individuals to find a way to cope with this irritating medical occurrence.
Table of Contents
- What is Eczema?
- Causes of Eczema
- Home Remedies for Eczema
- Eczema Prevention
What is Eczema?
Eczema is an inflammation that appears on the upper layers of the skin. Also referred to as dermatitis, skin rashes are the main sign of this persistent condition. Often, the rashes fade away, but then reappear at will. A wide-range of accompanying symptoms makes this medical woe hard to bear with or without treatment. There are also many different types of eczema to consider, such as:
a) Atopic Eczema:
Also known as infantile, flexural or atopic dermatitis, an itchy rash will form on the face, scalp, neck, buttocks, as well as the inside of the elbows, and behind the knees.
b) Contact Dermatitis:
Allergic reactions and irritants are the main causes of this form of eczema. Allergic contact dermatitis occurs when an individual has a delayed response to something that has touched their skin, such as poison ivy. There are additional substances considered irritating to the skin, and simply avoiding these materials or removing the irritant from your environment will solve the problem.
c) Xerotic Eczema:
Also known as winter itch, this form of eczema starts off as dry skin that eventually turns into eczema. The worst of it occurs during the winter season, affecting the trunk and limbs. Often, the elderly suffer from this condition, which causes dry, cracked, itchy, tender skin.
d) Seborrheic Dermatitis:
The name of this type of eczema is actually a long-winded way to make reference to severe dandruff. The scalp and eyebrows may exhibit dryness or greasy scaling . Affected areas display red patches or scaly pimples. Newborns also suffer from this form of eczema, which is referred to as “cradle cap.”
While each type of eczema comes with its own signs and symptoms, there are a few commonalities, such as itching, redness, swelling, and skin lesions. Below you will find some of the symptoms that occur when eczema strikes:
On the face, hands, feet, inside the elbows, and behind the knees, eczema skin rashes may appear.
b) Skin Problems:
Itchiness and dryness are common signs of eczema with the worst of it becoming cracked, scaly, or crusty. The skin may also feel thicker.
Some cases of eczema create swollen skin.
When scratching the skin, varying levels of redness will develop.
Depending on the type of eczema you are suffering from, you may notice a clear fluid escaping infected skin.
Causes of Eczema
The type of eczema you suffer from determines the cause of this irritating medical condition. There are also many different medical conditions that lead to the development of eczema. Below you will find the main culprits:
Eczema is thought to sometimes plague individuals who have received susceptibility through a passing down of the medical family tree. For example, atopic eczema often appears in those who have hay fever or asthma running in their family.
When the skin comes in contact with abrasive chemicals, solvents, or detergents, the chances of developing a rash or some form of eczema is increased. Individuals with sensitive skin are especially prone to this sort of skin inflammation. Even smoke can trigger an attack on the skin.
When an individual comes in contact with a substance that provokes an allergic reaction, eczema skin rashes may develop.
Feeling pressured or suffering from a high level of emotional stress may trigger an eczema rash. Even the stress of increased body temperature could provoke eczema.
e) Poor Blood Circulation:
When eczema strikes the legs, a poor circulatory flow may have caused this condition to emerge.
f) Vitamin Deficiency:
When you are not getting enough vitamin B6 in your diet, you may experience a bout of eczema .
While the visual signs of eczema are rather easy to define, some cases require further analysis from the doctor to determine a cause and course of action. Since there are so many different types of eczema, a physician may inquire about your family history, dietary habits; lifestyle patterns; allergies; and prescription drug intake. All of this information will contribute to your diagnosis.
Blood tests are used to determine eczema flare-ups caused by an allergen. Specific tests, such as the Radioallergosorbent Test (RAST) or a Paper Radioimmunosorbent Test (PRIST) measure antibody levels . If the level is high, an allergen is present. Skin patching tests also determine the cause of eczema, including various irritants. Sometimes, a doctor may order a skin biopsy.
Home Remedies for Eczema
When it comes to using a home remedy to treat eczema, you should know there are several herbs, vitamins, and other natural treatments to consider. Below you will find a few suggestions to get you on the right track:
If you mix 1 teaspoon of sandalwood with 1 teaspoon of camphor, you can create a paste to apply to eczema rashes.
b) Vitamin E:
Natural vitamin E has been known to effectively treat affected skin, as well as provide itching relief.
This effective home remedy for eczema can be taken orally, as well as directly applied to the skin.
d) Blueberry Leaves:
Using an herbal lotion made from blueberry leaves will reduce inflammation caused by eczema.
e) Shark Cartilage:
The inflammation associated with eczema can be treated through the use of shark cartilage .
f) Tomato Juice:
Drinking tomato juice on a daily basis is said to cure the symptoms of eczema within a few days .
g) Pine Tar Soap:
Affected skin can be treated when washed with this particular kind of soap.
h) Emu Oil:
Applying emu oil to affected skin will promote hydration, as well as seal in moisture .
There are numerous preventable causes of eczema you should be aware of. When enjoying the great outdoors, you should keep an eye out for poison ivy or oak. When purchasing soaps, you should refrain from selecting products with harsh additives. Reasonable choices include Dove, and Oil of Olay. Avoiding substances you are known to possess an allergy to will also reduce your chances of developing eczema. You should also wear clothing that does not irritate your skin.
If you feel you are prone to eczema, taking a daily bath might not be the best idea. Warm showers are recommended, which should last less than 15-20 minutes. When drying your body, you should implement a pat-dry method to avoid irritating your skin. Applying a moisturizer when your skin is still damp will help get your body hydrated and comfortable.