18 Home Remedies for Anal Fissures

The skin that covers your body is subject to many different rips and tears. While middle-aged people tend to suffer cuts in their anal region, fissures are also a common cause of rectal bleeding in infants. Most cases heal with self care within a few weeks, making home remedies for anal fissures a good topic to explore.

Home Remedies for Fissures

What are Anal Fissures?

An anal fissure is a cut or tear that takes place in the opening through which stool passes out of the body – better known as the anus. Colonic and rectal surgeons see a great deal of patients with fissures. The condition is so common that 6 to 15% of their typical visits concentrate on fissures, which can affect people of all ages. Fissures are usually painful during bowel movements that have the possibility to reach severe levels.

Causes and Symptoms

Trauma to the anus and anal canal is the main cause of anal fissures, which typically involves a bowel movement. Hard stool or chronic diarrhea can also cause a fissure. Sometimes, an object, such as a rectal thermometer, enema tip, endoscope, or ultrasound probe for a prostate gland examination, causes the trauma associated with a fissure [1].

For women, childbirth can cause an anal fissure, as a tear can affect the skin between the posterior vagina and the anus – called the perineum. Other causes for anal fissures include Crohn’s disease, anal cancer, leukemia, and a variety of infections, such as chlamydia, herpes, tuberculosis, syphilis, gonorrhea, and the HIV virus.

The signs and symptoms of an anal fissure include [2]:

• Pain during bowel movements (can be severe)
• Pain after bowel movements (can last up to several hours)
• Bright red blood on the stool or toilet paper after going to the bathroom
• Itching or irritation around the anus
• A visible crack in the skin around the anus
• A small lump on the skin close to the anal fissure

Anal Fissure Home Remedies

It’s important to treat an anal fissure because a tear in the skin can extend to surrounding muscles. Untreated fissures can also bring additional symptoms and pain. The following home remedies for anal fissures are known to lessen the discomfort, treat tears, and avoid complications:

a) Baby Powder:

Dust yourself off with baby powder after taking a shower or going to the bathroom. This home remedy will keep your affected region dry, which reduces friction throughout the day.

b) Treat Your Diarrhea:

If you are suffering from an anal fissure and diarrhea at the same time, seek treatments that address watery stools. The acid and consistency of the stools can soften surrounding tissues and cause burning in the anal area.

c) No Nails:

There may be the urge to scratch an anal fissure, but you will only worsen the tear.

d) Fiber, Fiber, Fiber:

Increase the amount of foods in your diet that contain fiber. Aim for 25 to 30 grams per day to encourage the healing of fissures, as well as keep stools soft. A few suggestions include fresh fruits and vegetables, nuts, and whole grains. Make sure to add the fiber gradually to avoid bloating and gas.

e) Metamucil:

Take a liquid fiber laxative that contains psyllium, such as Metamucil, to soften stools and promote less painful bowel movements.

f) Petroleum Jelly:

Vaseline and other related products are good for protecting the anal canal with lubricant that makes bowel movements much easier to pass. It is suggested to insert petroleum jelly about 1/2 inch into the rectum.

g) Lose Weight:

If you are prone to anal fissures, it’s suggested to shed extra pounds to reduce the risk of sweating between your buttocks. The perspiration will slow down the healing process.

h) Hydrocortisone Cream:

Your bathroom cabinet may offer a remedy for the inflammation that often accompanies anal fissures.

i) Aloe Vera Compress:

Encourage the healing of an anal fissure and alleviate pain by applying a compress with aloe vera to the anus.

j) Drink Plenty of Fluids:

Drinking a lot of liquids will prevent the constipation that can worsen a case of anal fissures. For example, you can drink 6 to 8 glasses of water to keep your system moving smoothly.

k) Get Moving:

There are two benefits to regularly exercising for 30 minutes or more per day. Moderate physical activity not only encourages regular bowel movements, but also increases blood flow to all parts of the body, which can speed the healing of a fissure.

l) No Straining:

If you strain when going to the bathroom, you can create pressure that can cause a new tear or open a healing fissure.

m) Hot Water:

A hot tub or warm bath can relax the muscles of the anal sphincter, which helps ease the discomfort of fissures.

n) Dietary Changes:

Some foods can actually irritate fissures as they pass through the bowels. Pickled foods and hot, spicy ingredients often have this effect.

o) Gentle Wiping:

Wiping too harshly after a bowel movement will slow down the healing of anal fissures.

p) Toilet Paper Options:

The type of toilet paper that you use can affect the healing process of anal fissures. Opt for white, unscented toilet paper that isn’t too rough. To further soften toilet paper, dampen a wad with a bit of water before wiping. Also, keep in mind that perfumes and colorings can cause irritation.

q) Facial Tissues:

One of the gentlest methods of wiping an area with a fissure is to use facial tissues with moisturizing lotion. This type of paper product produces the least amount of friction.

r) Pillow:

Ease the pain of anal fissure when sitting down by placing a comfortable pillow underneath your bottom.


[1] http://www.medicinenet.com/anal_fissure/article.htm
[2] http://www.mayoclinic.com/health/anal-fissure/DS00762/DSECTION=symptoms